The project benefits of Building Information Modelling (BIM)

Summary

One of the APM’s Series of Research Reports that draws on original research from the International Journal of Project Management.

All UK Government contracts will require the use of 3D BIM. Project professionals will not be able to avoid BIM when working public sector projects. BIM is software for modelling and information input but also incorporates project management tools and processes. BIM can therefore be used in construction projects by project professionals, for example to improve stakeholder collaboration.

BIM potentially enables:

1. Better communication and collaboration: In complex inter-organisational, BIM could lead to an integrated database opposed to the sharing of documents.
2. Organise the project schedule and budget: BIM allows the updating of schedule and budget when any project design change occurs.
3. Budget control: 5D offers the project manager more tools to monitor and keep tight reins on costs.
4. Rapid analysis of different scenarios and feedback to owner: BIM allows the project manager to show how design decisions impact cost and schedule.
5. Lean management: BIM has been linked to the development of lean approaches, as the enhanced collaboration and information sharing can contribute to reducing non-value -adding waste.

BIM’s uncertain effects:
• BIM may change the roles of key parties, including the project manager, in ways which are uncertain.
• The fragmented nature of the construction industry means that knowledge gained by a team in one venture may not be retained for the next project.

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